Int J Prosthodont 8 (1995), No. 3 (01.05.1995)
Strength and Mode of Failure of Single Implant All-Ceramic Abutment Restorations Under Static Load
Tripodakis / Strub / Jappert / Witkowski
The strength and mode of failure of three different designs of custom-made all-ceramic implant abutments fabricated by milling of In-Ceram crowns were fabricated for placement on the all-ceramic abutments, and in one test group, a veneer porcelain was filed directly on the abutment; crowns in the control group were fabricated using the CeraOne System. Tem-mm-long Branemark implants were placed into a brass block that allowed loading at a 30-degree angle to the long axis. The test group in which the veneer porcelain was fired directly on the all ceramic abutments was the weakest, and it showed fractures at a mean value of 236 N. The fracture strength of the three other test groups was dependent on the extension of the crown margin relative to the location of the screw head. The test group that had the screw on the top compressing the entire ceramic abutment showed a mean value of 422 N that was similar to the results that were achieved with the CeraOne system (427N). The weakest link in the all-ceramic single implant restorations was the abutment screw in which the bending began at approximately 190 N.