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The International Journal of Prosthodontics
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Int J Prosthodont 30 (2017), No. 4     7. July 2017
Int J Prosthodont 30 (2017), No. 4  (07.07.2017)

Page 348-353, doi:10.11607/ijp.5270, PubMed:28697204


Preliminary Clinical Application of Removable Partial Denture Frameworks Fabricated Using Computer-Aided Design and Rapid Prototyping Techniques
Ye, Hongqiang / Ning, Jing / Li, Man / Niu, Li / Yang, Jian / Sun, Yuchun / Zhou, Yongsheng
Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the application of computer-aided design and rapid prototyping (CAD/RP) for removable partial denture (RPD) frameworks and evaluate the fitness of the technique for clinical application.
Materials and Methods: Three-dimensional (3D) images of dentition defects were obtained using a lab scanner. The RPD frameworks were designed using commercial dental software and manufactured using selective laser melting (SLM). A total of 15 cases of RPD prostheses were selected, wherein each patient received two types of RPD frameworks, prepared by CAD/RP and investment casting. Primary evaluation of the CAD/RP framework was performed by visual inspection. The gap between the occlusal rest and the relevant rest seat was then replaced using silicone, and the specimens were observed and measured. Paired t test was used to compare the average thickness and distributed thickness between the CAD/RP and investment casting frameworks. Analysis of variance test was used to compare the difference in thickness among different zones.
Results: The RPD framework was designed and directly manufactured using the SLM technique. CAD/ RP frameworks may meet the clinical requirements with satisfactory retention and stability and no undesired rotation. Although the average gap between the occlusal rest and the corresponding rest seat of the CAD/RP frameworks was slightly larger than that of the investment casting frameworks (P < .05), it was acceptable for clinical application.
Conclusion: RPD frameworks can be designed and fabricated directly using digital techniques with acceptable results in clinical application.