Int J Prosthodont 31 (2018), Supplement 1 13. Feb. 2018
Int J Prosthodont 30 (2017), No. 5 (08.09.2017)
Page 471-473, doi:10.11607/ijp.5336, PubMed:28806428
Antibacterial Effect of Provisional Cements with Incorporated Polyethyleneimine Nanoparticles: An In Vivo Study
Ivgi, Inbal / Smidt, Ami / Zaltsman, Nathan / Ben-Gal, Gilad / Beyth, Nurit
Purpose: Provisional restorations exhibit various degrees of microleakage when cemented. Incorporation of quaternized polyethyleneimine nanoparticles (QPEI) into provisional cements may be effective against bacteria in vivo.
Materials and Methods: Nine polymethylmethacrylate provisional restorations in human volunteers were evaluated after cementation with and without QPEI nanoparticles. Bacterial load in the provisional cement was assessed after 1 week of cementation.
Results: The number of colonyforming units in the cement with QPEI was significantly lower (P < .05) than in the control cement.
Conclusion: The results of this in vivo study clearly indicate that provisional cement incorporating QPEI nanoparticles significantly reduces viable bacterial counts in the provisional cement in all patients.