We are using cookies to implement functions like login, shopping cart or language selection for this website. Furthermore we use Google Analytics to create anonymized statistical reports of the usage which creates Cookies too. You will find more information in our privacy policy.
OK, I agree I do not want Google Analytics-Cookies
The International Journal of Prosthodontics
Login:
username:

password:

Plattform:

Forgotten password?

Registration

Int J Prosthodont 31 (2018), No. 3     8. May 2018
Int J Prosthodont 31 (2018), No. 3  (08.05.2018)

Page 248-258, doi:10.11607/ijp.5660, PubMed:29723319


Prosthetic Tooth Replacement in a German Population Over the Course of 11 Years: Results of the Study of Health in Pomerania
Mundt, Torsten / Schwahn, Christian / Schmidt, Carsten Oliver / Biffar, Reiner / Samietz, Stefanie
Purpose: To evaluate changes in distribution of teeth and in prosthodontic tooth replacement during an 11-year period in an adult population.
Materials and Methods: Information on prosthetic status was collected from 4,288 participants aged 20 to 81 years at baseline in the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-0) and from 2,244 participants aged 30 to 92 years who reappeared in the 11-year follow-up (SHIP-2). The tooth distribution per arch was classified into one of the six following classes: class 0 (edentulous), class 1 (one to three remaining teeth), class 2 (extended tooth-bounded space or extreme shortened dental arch), class 3 (small anterior space), class 4 (small posterior space with one or more missing premolars), or class 5 (functional dentition).
Results: Longitudinally, the most pronounced change in class was the transition from class 1 to class 0 (maxilla: 54.5%, mandible: 58.3%). The percent change from other higher classes to lower classes ranged between 10% and 40%. In the same age groups of 40 to 79 years, the number of edentate arches was cut in half, with a corresponding increase in functional dentitions. The proportion of unrestored arches decreased in all classes. Double crown-retained partial removable dental prostheses (PRDPs) showed the highest increase (a 15% to 20% increase) at the expense of acrylic PRDPs in classes 1 and 2. In small spaces, the proportion of fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) also increased by 15% to 20%. Seven participants of SHIP-0 (0.16%) and 56 participants of SHIP-2 (2.5%) had dental implants.
Conclusion: Similar age groups showed improvement in oral conditions. The proportion of higher-end restorations (FDPs and double crown-retained PRDPs), including the frequency of dental implants, increased.