We are using cookies to implement functions like login, shopping cart or language selection for this website. Furthermore we use Google Analytics to create anonymized statistical reports of the usage which creates Cookies too. You will find more information in our privacy policy.
OK, I agree I do not want Google Analytics-Cookies
The International Journal of Prosthodontics
Login:
username:

password:

Plattform:

Forgotten password?

Registration

Int J Prosthodont 32 (2019), No. 5     9. Sep. 2019
Int J Prosthodont 32 (2019), No. 5  (09.09.2019)

Page 423-429, doi:10.11607/ijp.6286, PubMed:31486813


Influences of Screw Access Hole and Mechanical Cycling on the Fracture Load of Implant-Supported Crowns
Rosa, Luciano / Borba, Márcia / Mallmann, Fernando / Fornari, Fernando / Bona, Alvaro Della
Purpose: To assess the influence of a screw access hole (SAH) and mechanical cycling on the fracture load of implant-supported crowns (ISCs) manufactured with screw-retained (s) or cement-retained (c) abutments with either metal (M) or zirconia (Z) infrastructure.
Materials and Methods: Six groups of restorations were made based on type of infrastructure (M or Z), fixation (s or c), and whether they underwent aging (a) with mechanical cycling: Zc, Zs, Zsa, Mc, Ms, and Msa. All ISCs were porcelain veneered and tested for compression to failure in distilled water (37°C) using a universal testing machine. ISCs from groups Zsa and Msa were mechanically cycled (106 cycles; 2 Hz, 100 N) in distilled water before compressive testing. Fractographic principles were followed to assess the fracture surfaces. The fracture load data were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey test (α = .05). The relationships between experimental group and failure mode were analyzed using chi-square test (α = .05).
Results: Regardless of the infrastructure material, cement-retained ISCs (Zc and Mc) showed higher fracture load values than screw-retained ISCs (Zs, Zsa, Ms, and Msa) (P < .001), which were statistically similar to each other (P > .05). Aging had no effect on the fracture load of ISCs. There was a significant relationship between failure mode and experimental group (P < .001). Catastrophic fractures were found only in Zc and Zs. All metal-based ISCs failed from chipping reaching the metal infrastructure.
Conclusion: Cement-retained ISCs showed higher fracture resistance than screw-retained prostheses. No catastrophic failures were found for metal-based ISCs. Aging did not affect the fracture load, but did affect the failure mode of ISCs.