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The International Journal of Prosthodontics



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Int J Prosthodont 33 (2020), No. 2     9. Mar. 2020
Int J Prosthodont 33 (2020), No. 2  (09.03.2020)

Page 212-216, doi:10.11607/ijp.6453, PubMed:32069346

Influence of Surface Treatment of Lithium Disilicate on Roughness and Bond Strength
Sudré, João Paulo / Salvio, Luciana Andrea / Baroudi, Kusai / Sotto-Maior, Bruno Salles / Melo-Silva, Cláudio Luís / Souza Picorelli Assis, Neuza Maria
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of different concentrations of hydrofluoric acid (HF) on the surface roughness of a ceramic reinforced by lithium disilicate and on the bond strength formed between the ceramic and self-adhesive resin cement.
Materials and Methods: A total of 100 disks of IPS e.max Press ceramic (Ivoclar Vivadent) reinforced by lithium disilicate were prepared as follows: group 1 remained untreated (control group); in groups 5-20, 5-40, and 5-60, the surfaces were etched with 5% HF for 20, 40, and 60 seconds, respectively; in groups 10-20, 10-40, and 10-60, the surfaces were etched with 10% HF for 20, 40, and 60 seconds, respectively; and in groups 10-20P, 10-40P, and 10-60P, the surfaces were etched with 10% HF for 20, 40, and 60 seconds, respectively, followed by treatment with 37% phosphoric acid for 5 seconds. Surface roughness and bond strength were analyzed with confocal microscopy and microshear testing, respectively. The values obtained were statistically analyzed using paired t test and two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey post hoc test at a 5% significance level.
Results: Surface roughness was influenced by the concentration and exposure time of acid applied (P < .05) and by the combination of these two factors (P < .05). Treatment with 10% HF for 40 seconds (group 10-40) achieved the highest roughness value. In contrast, bond strength was affected only by the acid exposure time (P < .05).
Conclusion: Conditioning of lithium disilicate ceramics can change the surface morphology, thereby affecting bond strength with resin cement.