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The International Journal of Prosthodontics
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Int J Prosthodont 33 (2020), No. 3     28. Apr. 2020
Int J Prosthodont 33 (2020), No. 3  (28.04.2020)

Page 307-314, doi:10.11607/ijp.6669, PubMed:32320184


Fracture Load of Veneered Telescopic Secondary Crowns Made of High-Performance Polymer on Zirconia Primary Crowns: Impact of Veneering Technique
Lümkemann, Nina / Eichberger, Marlis / Riquier, Ralph / Murphy, Ryan J. / Stawarczyk, Bogna
Purpose: To analyze the impact of different veneering techniques on the fracture load of telescopic secondary crowns made of a high-performance polymer (Ultaire aryl ketone polymer [UAKP]).
Materials and Methods: Zirconia primary crown models (taper of 0 degrees) were prepared (N = 48), polished, scanned, and divided into four veneering groups (n = 12 each): premanufactured, digital, full anatomical, and vestibular. For all groups except vestibular, a standardized telescopic secondary crown (thickness: 0.6 mm, circular margin: 1 mm) was constructed, adapted to the corresponding primary crown, milled from UAKP, and veneered. The veneered master crown was developed based on the premanufactured group. After surface polishing, all specimens were artificially aged in a chewing simulator (1.2 million cycles, 50 N, 1.1 Hz, between 5°C and 55°C). Fracture load was tested in a universal testing machine with a piston (Ø = 6 mm, 1 mm/minute). Fracture patterns were analyzed. For statistical analysis, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and descriptive statistics followed by one-way ANOVA with post hoc Scheffé test were conducted (P < .05).
Results: Significant differences in fracture load were found between different veneering techniques (P < .001), with the highest values for the vestibular and digital groups, followed by the premanufactured group. Full anatomical veneering showed the significantly lowest fracture load (1,885 ± 397 N). For all specimens, cohesive brittle fractures with similar fracture patterns occurred, irrespective of the veneering technique.
Conclusion: The veneering technique of telescopic secondary crowns made of high-performance polymer affects overall stability. All veneering techniques provided sufficient fracture load values for telescopic secondary crowns made of UAKP. Digital veneers seem the most recommendable.