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The International Journal of Prosthodontics



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Int J Prosthodont 33 (2020), No. 4     22. July 2020
Int J Prosthodont 33 (2020), No. 4  (22.07.2020)

Page 373-379, doi:10.11607/ijp.6365, PubMed:32639696

Influence of Cervical Crown Contour on Marginal Bone Loss Around Platform-Switched Bone-Level Implants: A 5-Year Cross-Sectional Study
Hentenaar, Diederik F. M. / De Waal, Yvonne C. M. / Van Winkelhoff, Arie Jan / Raghoebar, Gerry M. / Meijer, Henny J. A.
Purpose: To evaluate the influence of the cervical crown contour on marginal bone loss and soft tissue health around platform-switched, posteriorly placed, two-piece implants.
Materials and Methods: A dataset from two previously conducted studies was used. Patients with single two-piece, platform-switched implants in between two natural teeth or adjacent to one natural tooth were included. Clinical parameters and standardized periapical radiographs from 1 month and 5 years after final crown placement were assessed. A new measurement method was developed to analyze geometric values of the cervical crown contour. Interand intraexaminer reliability were assessed. Emergence angles were measured at 1, 2, and 3 mm above the implant shoulder. Linear correlations between variables were determined by calculating Pearson correlation coefficients.
Results: A total of 64 patients with 67 posterior implants met the inclusion criteria. At 1, 2, and 3 mm above the implant shoulder, mean emergence angles at the mesial implant sites were 0.5 ± 2.8, 12.8 ± 12.8, and 18.0 ± 11.3 degrees, respectively. At the distal sites, the corresponding values were 2.8 ± 8.3, 16.2 ± 16.6, and 18.7 ± 13.8 degrees, respectively. Mean marginal bone loss between 1 month and the 5-year evaluations was 0.14 ± 0.34 mm at the mesial aspect and 0.26 ± 0.47 at the distal aspect of implants. No correlation with peri-implant bone loss or soft tissue health could be found. No implants showed signs of peri-implantitis.
Conclusion: The cervical crown contour at platform-switched, posteriorly placed, two-piece implants showed no correlation with peri-implant marginal bone loss or soft tissue health up to 5 years after implant placement.