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The International Journal of Prosthodontics



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Int J Prosthodont 33 (2020), No. 4     22. July 2020
Int J Prosthodont 33 (2020), No. 4  (22.07.2020)

Page 441-451, doi:10.11607/ijp.6480, PubMed:32639704

Accuracy of a Novel Virtual Articulator for Recording Three-Dimensional Dentition
Li, Linlin / Sun, Yuchun / Wang, Yong / Li, Weiwei / Dai, Ning / Tian, Sukun / Cui, Haihua
Purpose: To research and develop a novel virtual articulator system (the PN-300) based on computer binocular vision, raster scanning, and simulation technology and to conduct a preliminary evaluation of its accuracy.
Materials and Methods: Two digital cameras were used to build the trajectory-tracking part of the virtual articulator system, and cameras combined with a projection module were used to form the scanning part of the system. The most prominent feature of the PN-300 is its ability to simultaneously obtain the 3D data of the subject's teeth and the movement trajectory of the mandible relative to the maxilla. The PN-300 recorded the linear, circular, and rectangular quadrilateral movements of a high-accuracy 3D electronic translation stage. The accuracy of measurement of the inclination of incisal guidance derived from the PN-300 based on the PROTAR evo7 articulator was also estimated.
Results: The measurement error was below 100 μm for the linear and circular movements, and the angle error was within 0.2 degrees for the rectangular quadrilateral movements. The error of inclination of protrusive incisal guidance was 1.51 ± 0.68 degrees, and for incisal guidance was 0.82 ± 0.55 degrees. Trajectories and incisal 3D data obtained by the PN-300 were combined with data from plaster models and CBCT to simulate mandibular movement and to calculate the trajectories of the condyle.
Conclusion: The PN-300 achieved a good accuracy for recording mandibular movement and can be expected to calculate the movement of the condyle.